Nutrition basics

Fundamental importance of food for life and health reflects in multiple roles and functions it provides. In order to make proper food choices, it is necessary to know the nutrient functions and in which foods they could be found.

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Energy

“Life is therefore combustion“, Lavoisier, which means that in order to function, our body needs energy from food. Carbohydrates, fats and proteins are the basic food components providing energy to our body. Naturally, in order to create energetic balance in the body, i.e. to keep desired body weight, we must balance food intake and physical […]

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Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are the main energy source of human diet. They efficiently convert into glucose, which is the major fuel for all body cells and the only source of energy for the brain and red blood cells. There are two types of carbohydrates in food. They are simple carbohydrates found in fruits, milk, while refined carbohydrates […]

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Dietary fiber

Dietary fiber is in fact a type of complex carbohydrate that cannot be digested, but cleans your digestive system, prevents constipation, lowers blood cholesterol and glucose levels. It consists of parts of plant foods your body cannot digest or absorb, it passes through the colon relatively unchanged and keeps our digestive system healthy. It also […]

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Proteins

Proteins are essential nutrients for the human body, because there are no protein stores in the body. New proteins are provided only through food. Their functions are numerous, they serve as enzymes, they transport materials throughout the body (hemoglobin), molecules for storing certain elements, hormone, muscle building, antibodies, etc. The most valuable source of proteins […]

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Fats

Proper nutrition must include essential fatty acids of adequate quantity and quality (of which fats consist). Physiological functions of fats are complex since fats are the most significant source of energy in cells (particularly the nervous system), certain hormones, important for normal digestion. Besides, the human body can use vitamins A, D, E and K […]

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Vitamins and minerals

Vitamins and minerals are necessary for body normal growth and development as well as normal body functioning. These substances participate in many processes in the body without which there would be no life. There are two vitamin groups: fat-soluble vitamins and water-soluble vitamins. Although you can’t easily tell one from another when preparing food and […]

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Water

Why is water so important for our body? Because water is a vital component of our body, since 50-60% of body mass consists of water. To be healthy, we must drink 6-8 glasses of water (fluids) a day. It doesn’t have to be only water, milk, herbal teas and juices without sugar count as well. […]

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Myths about physical activity

Reaching and maintaining ideal body weight means cutting out certain foods. False! Adequate nutrition means that, in certain recommended quantities, all nutrient-dense foods are present. There are no harmful foods, they can harm you only if you eat too much of them and in certain harmful food combinations. The less fat we eat, the faster […]

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